Regarding the previous post, some characters with a "Dr." prefix may come to mind (Frankestein, Octopus, the like), as well as distopian and technophobic themes and stories.
But things are never as simple as we would like them to be. Maybe this text (from 1984) by Thomas Pynchon is adequate for our meditations on these issues:
Is it O.K. to be a Luddite?
(file under obscure)